Vietnam's electronics sector seen floundering

3/6/110 nhận xét

[ChinaPost] HCM CITY -- All development plans for the Vietnamese electronic industry could end up nowhere as imported products have flooded the local market, industry insiders say. According to the general statistics office, the import turnover for electronic products, computers and spare parts reached US$1.76 billion in the first four months, an increase of 29.7 percent over the same period last year.
China and Malaysia accounted for US$567 million and US$118 million of this figure, posting respective increases of 20.6 and 9.4 percent. Imports of Korean electronic products, meanwhile, tripled to US$462 million.
For May alone, import turnover topped US$500 million, an increase of over 20 percent over the previous month.
Many importers attributed the import surge of the last five months to the launch of many new products for this year.
Moreover, the U.S. dollar exchange rate had “cooled down” recently, making it easier to the greenback from banks, with some selling it at lower than the listed price.
Enterprises have taken full advantage of these factors to import products in large volumes. They have also been motivated to do so by the assessment of distributors that this year's electronic market will experience high growth.
The intensified competition in the market resulted from rising import of electronic products has been particularly felt with air-conditioners. Many importers doubled their volumes over last year, banking on the strong consumption that was seen last summer. The products of popular brands went out of stock last year, and businesses are hoping for a spurt in sales this year as well.
Bui Tan Cuong, director of Thien Hoa Electronics and Interior Decoration Product Centre, said that domestically produced or assembled electronic products used to account for 70-80 percent of sales at trade centers.
However, it has now fallen by almost half, he said. Imported televisions, for instance, account for 60 percent of sales at trade centers instead of the previous 30 percent.
Imported refrigerators, air-conditioners and washing machines now have more than 50 percent of the domestic market share. Especially, imported household appliance products have occupied more than 80 percent and digital items are nearly imported 100 percent.

Electronic businesses say the import tax of electronic products are currently at 5 percent under the Asian Free Trade Area (AFTA) framework, and will continue to decrease in the coming years. This is another factor in the “boom” of imported products, presenting a serious challenge for local businesses.
Many local electronic firms have moved out of manufacturing and assembling and shifted to import and distribution.
Sony closed its Vietnam assembly plants in 2008 and in the beginning of this year, JVC Vietnam temporarily stopped its production.
Nguyen Quang Huy, business director of Toshiba Vietnam, said the company stopped assembling LCD television sets in Vietnam last year and has begun importing the item.
Not only have many firms gradually decreased their manufacturing and assembling activities, they have also begun importing volumes 3-4 times their production.
Vu Duong Ngoc Duy, deputy general director of JVC Vietnam, said the tax decrease, plus Chinese products at cheap prices would apply big pressure on Vietnamese businesses and further weaken their competitiveness.
Most famous electronic firms have production factories in other Southeast Asian countries and China, and the current market situation makes it easier and more profitable to import their products than make them here.

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